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Nutribac - Probiotics

Information On The Effects Of Nutribac - Probiotics


NutriBAC df - A probiotic for use with reptiles and amphibians, (patent # 5,879,719.) Contains naturally occurring microorganisms tested and proven. This product is also water-soluble for mixing in drinking water. Salmonella in iguanas is a health problem that can affect their owners sometimes more than the reptile itself. Beneficial bacteria, known as probiotics, have long been known to aid the intestinal tract of humans. Now a product is available for salmonella-positive reptiles. Many reptile-related diseases can be traced to the health of the reptiles intestinal tract. A good, well-balanced probiotic offers a safe approach for the gut of reptiles. Many have said that the use of NutriBAC has increased their reptile's appetite, reversed constipation, and stopped regurgitation following feedings. A good probiotic or beneficial bacteria, like NutriBAC, is simply a "tool" in the husbandry of reptiles and amphibians. NutriBAC is the only probiotic patented for use in reptiles and amphibians.

The uniqueness of the combination of "good" bacteria in NutriBAC df is that they are grown together before being harvested. Other commercial DFMs (Direct Feed Microbials) are grown separately then blended together. Growing them together affirms their compatibility. NutriBAC df is harvested live (viable) prior to the maturation log phase which assures its stability (longer life) in the gut. When bacteria are released in the intestine of the reptile or amphibian they are capable to continue their growth phase, thus extending their life phase in the animal's gut and increasing their efficacy.

Salmonella can not be seen by the naked eye.

Iguana Egg Salmonella

The image above is a magnified image (6000x) of a Salmonella bacteria shown on the shell of an iguana egg.

Salmonella can often be found in the intestinal tract of reptiles. A reptile with Salmonella can possibly infect its owner.

What Are Probiotics

The term probiotic, often used interchangeably with the term direct-fed-microbial, is self-defined. In general terms "probiotic" means "for life" and "direct-fed-microbial" or DFM means a microbial (preferably a live microorganism) that is fed directly to the reptile to benefit the intestinal environment of that particular species being fed.

These microorganisms should be non-pathogenic in nature and comprised of many different organisms geared toward the well-being of the particular species. They should create an environment in the intestinal tract of a reptile that is favorable to the animal, yet hostile to pathogens (disease-causing agents).


Reptiles Need Probiotics - DFM

Antibiotics have been a valuable tool against certain diseases. Unfortunately, some pathogens, such as Salmonella, are resistant to their capabilities to prevent or cure disease. Because of the indiscriminate nature of some antibiotics they will destroy both "bad" and "good" bacteria. Since the bacteria "war" is a numbers game, it is important that the "good" bacteria always outnumber the "bad" bacteria.

Feeding a probiotic or DFM specially formulated for reptiles can help insure this replenishing of "good" bacteria. Since all animals can experience stress and pathogens take advantage of stressful situations it is crucial that there are fewer numbers of these potential pathogens in the gut of the animal.

Probiotics Value In Reptiles

Iguanas (Iguana iguana) that were positive for Salmonella spp were divided into a control and treatment groups. The control group was fed commercial iguana food. The treatment groups were also fed commercial iguana food with different levels of NutriBAC df hand-mixed with them.

The treatment groups were also given water with the NutriBAC df supplement sprinkled in it. The trial lasted over one year with monthly fecal samples tested for Salmonella. After only four months, iguanas being fed a high concentration of NutriBAC df began testing negative for Salmonella. After nine months further enrichment tests of the intestine proved there was no Salmonella growth. Other iguanas in the NutriBAC df treatment groups have also gone Salmonella-negative after being fed the specially-formulated supplement.

Subsequent testing on other treatment iguanas continued to prove that the iguanas being fed the NutriBAC df supplement were shedding Salmonella (through the feces) less frequently than control group iguanas. Enrichment procedures were still showing no Salmonella growth on the iguanas fed the NutriBAC df. To further substantiate the findings, a strict protocol was followed to determine if the direct-fed-microbials in NutriBAC df were attaching and living within the intestinal walls of the iguanas.

The results showed a range from 484,000,000 to 1,000,000,000 colony forming units per gram of iguana intestine! Iguanas not fed the supplement still showed Salmonella residing in the intestine, colon, and cecum.


Zoonoses is the transmission of diseases from animals to humans. The most recognized zoonoses is salmonellosis. The ever-increasing popularity of exotic pets, such as reptiles, has brought to the forefront the zoonotic concern.

Can the right probiotic or DFM prevent zoonoses?

It is commonly understood and has been shown that a single DFM, such as found in yogurt, is not as effective as a combination, such as is found in NutriBAC df.

NutriBAC df can be considered a management tool to help the herpetoculturist or collector in managing for the well-being of their reptile. A concentrated effort on the part of the reptile owner must include both the internal and external environment of the animal.

The internal environment of the animal can include the digestive tract. Even though, seemingly healthy animals may harbor potential pathogens, the key to a healthy animal is a healthy gut. The more disease-free an animal's environment, the less likely of zoonoses to occur.

Nutribac df- Instructions and Dosing


This product is very water soluble. Dusting over wet greens will work very well.

Nutribac can also be made into a paste by adding a little water to it and dispersing for syringe type feeding.

Nutribac added to the water bowl is another successful dosing technique. Water bowls should always be rinsed and changed DAILY.

Nutribac df is not toxic in any level. The excess bacterium is simply excreted.


Everyday use is recommended after ABX (antibiotics) treaments.

Dust 1/6 teaspoon of Nutribac df per 1 cup of wet greens several times a week.

Slurry fed creatures can be administered Nutribac df by adding 1/8 of a teaspoon per 5 lbs animal weight to the slurry. Always add Nutribac to slurry just prior to feeding.


Author: Richard Brooks